7. Promotes Gut Health
The area of gut research is entering an exciting time, with researchers discovering the link between good gut health and good overall wellbeing, including the health of our immune system and mental health.
Out gut is home to trillions of bacteria and viruses, that collectively are known as the microbiota (sometimes referred to as the microbiome). The more thriving and diverse our microbiota, the better the health of our gut, digestion and general wellbeing.
Probiotics are good bacteria that help to top up our microbiome and are widely available as yogurt drinks and food supplements. Prebiotics on the other hand, are fibrous or fermented foods that feed the microbiota, helping it thrive.
Apples contain a prebiotic fibre called pectin. Pectin is another type of soluble fibre that mixes with water in the gut to form a gel, and slows down movement of food through the gut, helping to keep us fuller for longer and our bowels healthy.
But not only that, pectin reaches the gut in an undigested form, and once there, feeds the good bacteria and viruses, supporting the health of the microbiota. Researches have linked this to a reduced risk of chronic diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease and even certain cancers.